Universal Literacy-Impediments

Article 45 of the directive principles of state policy proclaims, ‘The state shall endeavor to provide, within a period of 10 years from the commencement of the Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of 14.’ After a full six decades, these Constitutional provisions remain faulted, that too, grossly. Close to 50% of the Indian population,...