Vultures Eye Of China On North-East Bharat – II

Our country’s greatest security threat is methodically expanding its spheres of influence into the traditionally unstable regions of troubled Northeast, latest analysis reports of the South Asian Intelligence Review published said: As per the report, CPI (Maoist) under a strategy to rope in sub-national armed grouping in the country’s periphery is widening its campaign for a pan-Bharatiya consolidation of violent anti-State movements. The Northeast Frontier constitutes a strategic space for Left Wing Extremist (LWE) expansion. In May 2010, the Intelligence Bureau (IB) confirmed the LWE’s unfolding plans to reach out to other terrorist and separatist groups in the country including ULFA in Assam and Hurriyat Conference in J&K. The Maoists have started corresponding with them.

The CPI (Maoist)’s Eastern Region Bureau (ERB) has been entrusted with the task of establishing a foot-hold in the Northeast. The Maoists had already inked a three-point pact with the Manipur–based armed group—People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on 21st October 2008. The pact has given the Maoists the initial Logistic support as needed in the Northeast and subsequent indications suggest that this has been well exploited to secure wider alliance and deeper presence in the region.

A China factor is visible in the growing Maoist linkage to the insurgencies in Northeast. After the elimination of senior Maoist leader Cherikuri Rajkumar alias Azad in Jagapur forests on the Andhra-Maharashtra border on 2nd July 2010. Investigations have discovered a Chinese connection to Maoists. They (Maoists) have visited the Yunnan province in South-West China bordering Myanmar and may have received some training there as well. The United Wa State Army (UWSA), Chinese speaking warring ethnic group in north Myanmar, has acted as a broker for Chinese produced arms as well as to sell weapons from their own arms factory near Panghsang bordering China. A Jane’s Intelligence Review report in 2008 detailed UWSA’s involvement in trafficking weapons to Myanmar and Bharatiya insurgent groups—The ULFA, NSCN (IM), PLA and UNLF are harping on the need to have a good nexus with CPI (Maoist), insurgent groups of J&K and the Northeast.

The Maoist insurgents are now active in nearly a third of country’s territory and have unleashed violence in an alarming scale in their areas of disruptive dominance. Their expansion into the country’s northeast and their potential to reorganize and revitalize the degraded and fractious insurgencies of this region, would result in an exponential increase in New Delhi’s troubles.

On the plea of plucking ‘Love Flower’, Chinese soldiers of People’s Liberation Army often sneak into Bharatiya territory in Arunachal Pradesh. There have been instances of sporadic intrusion in Bharatiya side by Chinese Army—PLA, when they meet locals or are challenged by security forces, they usually say they have entered Bharatiya territory to collect wild fungus from the mountains. They call it “Love Flower” which is a fungus—Cordyceps Sinensis which costs Rs 2 Lakhs per kg in the international market.

China is helping Maoists for increasingly investing their energies and experiences in consolidating their positions in the northeast and with the decline of ULFA, they are trying to champion the ‘repressed’ people’s causes. After the arrest of Maoist’s West Bengal secretary Sudip Chongdar alias Kanchan and three other top leaders, the Maoists have posted one of their Politburo members in the northeast to spread their organizational base. Another senior Maoists politburo member and second-in-command of CPI (Maoist), Prasant Basu, are in charge of maintaining liaison between Maoists and NE militant outfits. Maoists began their foray in NE by inking a memorandum of the understanding with PLA of Manipur a couple of years back, following which they tied up with two more Manipur based militants—Kangleipak Communists Party (KCP) and United National Liberation Front (UNLF). The Red rebels, who have graduated to terrorists, have come close to some mass-based organizations in this zone. The arrest of Kanchan and three other top Maoist leaders is a direct fall out of  the arrest of NSCN-IM’s foreign Secretary Anthony Shing in Nepal and UNLF Chairman Raj Kumar Meghan in Bihar. The manners in which Maoists are trying to ramify in the Northeast are very disturbing because it holds the likelihood of another phase of terrorism in a region that has long suffered from the evil and made development impossible. Though most of the militant outfits are on a cease fire mode, with the ULFA leadership too evincing interest in negotiations with the Government, yet the real villain of the ULFA terror piece its C-in-C Paresh Baruah is still a fugitive and recalcitrant about “sovereignty of Assam”. Now it is the possibility of Baruah being left out with only a few of leaders and thus being forced to float a new terror outfit and Maoists launching  their own Assam Chapter in  tandem with other militants, that the security and Intelligence agencies ought to look into seriously to thwart a new gory chapter. Since Assam and of course the rest of northeast as well, have no dearth of unemployed and unemployable youth ready to join militant outfits as a career venture, there will be no dearth, too, of recruits for Maoists in this region. They will only more zealously contribute to the industry of terrorism which has stake holder from the mainstream too such as the unscrupulous among politicians, bureaucrats, police officers, businessmen, NGOs, Church, Islamic terrorists and ISI etc. Since the industry of terrorism operates in the name of “insurgency” or “revolution” to “liberate” the different “repressed” people from the colonial group of New Delhi, there will also be no dearth of self-styled human rights groups to act as frontal wings of the new Maoists movement. The security intelligence grid must, then, remain alert. The region cannot be allowed to bleed further.

The nexus between the ULFA and the Maoists has come to the fore with the arrest of three Assamese Youths including one ex-ULFA cadre by security officials during a recent encounter in the jungles of Orissa on 12th February 2010. Out of all the three Maoists one of them was identified as Aditya Bora an ex-ULFA cadre. The nexus has been exposed at a time when the ULFA central committee under the leadership of its Chairman Arabinda Rajkhowa is holding peace talks with the Centre even as the anti-talk faction led by Commander-in-Chief Paresh Baruah has launched a massive recruitment drive in Upper Assam. It is an established fact that the militant groups in NE have strong links with other outfits both operating within and outside the country with whose help they procure weapons, route their funds and train their cadres.

Assam assembly poll less than a month away, the situation is fraught with ominous portents. It is apprehended that guns and black money could have an undesirable impact on the polls. The growing politician-criminal nexus lays credence to the popular belief that guns could indeed play a role in the election. The availability of illegal arms is bound to be huge given the long history of insurgency in the north east. The regions strategic location sharing several international borders is also helping the illegal arms trade to flourish.

In the past couple of years alone, over a thousand cases have been registered under the arms act in Assam alone testifying to the gravity of the situation.

Active militants groups apart, absence of strict implementation of ceasefire ground rules with NSCN-IM, NSCN-K, ULFA, DHD(D), DHD(J), NDFB, BLT and others engaged in peace talks is also worsening the situation. Militants staying at designated camps and many of these who have surrendered are involved in the illegal arms trade.

The authorities need to be very strict with these elements in ensuring that they desist from such activities. Once a militant joins the mainstream, he must be made to respect the law of land. The slack enforcement of relevant rules concerning ceasefires or surrendered ultras has to be done away with immediately. Then, the licensing process for fire-arms needs to be made strict to prevent undeserving persons from possessing arms. The existing mechanism for monitoring the status of legal arms has been far from effective with many licensed arms holders often found to be misusing their position and indulging in outright criminal activities.

Not contented with all these anti-Bharat activities flouting international rules China has stated that people of Arunachal Pradesh can visit China anywhere anytime with any visa as their own country since Arunachal Pradesh is also a part of China. It may be recalled that China opposed the last assembly election and registered its protest to Delhi and international community.

Notwithstanding, China is developing rail links in the border regions opposite Bharatvarsh in Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) including the proposed extension of the Qinghai Tibet Railway line up to Nyinchi. The road, telecommunication and electric supply are being extended to bordering areas. Water supply, educational institutions, health and hygiene care and agriculture are being developed so that new villages can come up along with the existing area. The water current of Brahmaputra is planned to be diverted by constructing a dam on it.

Last week Chinese air force and Pakistani air force had a joint war exercise which was first in the history.

This sides the lethargy and complacence of Delhi is all-time high. Even impotents are some time seen showing their anger. But today’s Delhi leaders are all time cool, passive, dormant and vigorless. This inaction of Central Government is threatening the sovereignty of the country in the northeast.

*The article is written by Jagdamba Mall.

(Courtesy: The Sangai Express)

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