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PREPAK For Co-ordinated Struggle- II

Nevertheless, they always keep the economy of the colony in their control. They would deliberately keep the economy of the colony as much backward as possible to create a situation of economic dependence, it alleged.

Monopolizing trade and commerce and making the colony a captive market is a trademark of neo-colonialism.

Slowly and steadily, the colonizer would instill upon the colonized people a sense that they cannot do away with their colonizers. It is also a policy of the exponents of neo-colonialism to keep economic resources of the colony under their strict control and make a constant propaganda that the colonized people are enjoying full sovereignty.

Again, they are making a continuous propaganda that those who are waging revolution against the alien rule are immature people who took up arms due to poverty or unemployment.

Under the colonial rule, attempts after attempts are being made under their divide and rule policy to sow seeds of animosity between the hill people and valley people and create conflicts among different indigenous communities with an intention to impede the liberation movement.

Taking advantage of the Naga integration campaign, Government of India has been creating a situation of apprehension and distrust. They (Indian imperialists) are also instrumental in igniting many communal conflicts and internecine killings. They are acting as midwife to the birth of innumerable number of ethnic-based armed groups. All these are results of the divide and rule policy devised by India, Nongdrenkhomba alleged.

‘We need not put any faith in the mercy or blessing of India. We should be wary of the baits put forth by India. We should not forget that India would never put Kangeleipak on the path to development and progress. It is we, our own people, who should decide our future destiny. We should be very clear we have all the rights to be independent and live as a free nation’, the VC asserted.

India should not overlook the fact that people of the Sister States of North East are entitled to their historical Right to Self-Determination. India must respect the Right to Self-Determination of the Sister States.

The principle of Self-determination came to public notice in 1919. With the establishment of the League of Nations on January 10, 1920, Self-determination became a ‘˜principle’ of international focus. Though it was not recognized as a ‘˜right’ at that time, it was put as a cardinal principle since the early days of the United Nations.

By the end of World War II, one-fourth of the world population, that is 750 million people, were living in territories ruled by imperial powers. With a vision to liberate all these colonized people, due process was initiated to frame a new rule and principle together with launching a new effort to abolish the Reactionary and Colonist Rules of International Law.

At the time of the establishment of the United Nations, proposals were made to bring an end to the era of colonialism through the Principle of Self-Determination. The Yalta Conference (February 11, 1945) agreed on formulation of the UN Charter at the UN Summit of San Francisco (April 25, 1945).

Out of 111 drafts formulated at San Francisco summit, which was attended by 50 countries, para 2 of Article 1 enshrined the Principle of Equal Rights and Self-Determination of Peoples as a provision.

Chapter XI and XII also contain many other provisions related to Self-Determination. Following implementation of the UN Charter, there were hectic discussions on how to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms under the Principle of Equal Rights and Self-Determination of Peoples.

Subsequent upon this principle, the UN General Assembly has adopted many resolutions. One of the most significant resolutions was ‘The Declaration on the granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples’. The UN General Assembly adopted it on December 14, 1960.

In the meantime, preparation for the ‘˜International Bill of Human Rights’ was already underway with a vision to add more values to human rights.

The task was committed to the Commission on Human Rights in 1947 and it was followed by constitution of a Draft Committee. The Draft Committee started preparing two separate documents in 1950 based on the General Principles on Human Rights and Specific Rights.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Human Rights were framed separately.

The Universal Declaration on Human Rights was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948.

International Covenant on Human Rights was produced in two documents. The first covenant was, ‘˜International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights’ and the second covenant was, ‘˜International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights’, noted the outfit.

(Courtesy: The Sangai Express)

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